Study in Canada after 12th – Located in the northern half of the North American continent, Canada is home to a wealth of forests, lakes, mountains and multi-cultural diversity. With both English and French being used by the Canadian government officially, the country is also bilingual. Students looking to study in Canada after 12th have the option of studying in elite universities in one of the most developed nations in the world. A total of 26 universities in Canada feature in the QS World University Rankings of 2020, with 3 of them in the world’s top 50 and 11 more ranking in the world’s top 300!
The following article seeks to provide students with information regarding undergraduate courses, admission requirements, visa and other factors.
Undergraduate degrees in Canada can last for 3-4 years, depending on the university and courses. There are different types of institutes of higher education in Canada like:
Universities in Canada are managed by the provincial governments and as such, they have slight differences in the way they carry out their programs. Quebec is particularly unique in terms of the timing of semesters and the length of study.
The following is a list of some of the most popular courses in Canada for undergraduate students:
In Canada, applications and admissions are handled individually by the university you apply to and the process is generally straightforward. As such, it is important for students to visit the website of the university they are interested in and ensure that they meet all the admission requirements listed there.
Some of the most common documents required during the application process are:
International students should also be aware of DLIs or Designated Learning Institutes. These are schools that are approved by the government to offer enrolment to international students. DLIs are recognized as legitimate institutes of higher education and you will need an acceptance letter from a DLI when you apply for a study permit. You can search this list to find the institutions that have been recognized as DLIs.
The most important document before an international student arrives in Canada is a study permit. Some things you need to know about the study permit are:
There are 2 ways of applying for a study permit –
As an international student who has been granted a study permit, you must:
If your course duration is less than 6 months, you’ll need to apply for one of the following visas as an international student:
To find out which visa you need, you can visit this link.
Tuition fees in Canada are generally less expensive compared to other popular study abroad destinations like USA, UK and Australia, however they are still significant. Prospective students can utilize an online tool provided by the Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC) to calculate the costs of studying at different universities in Canada. This will allow you to get an idea of the financial requirements as well as information regarding the documents needed to apply. The tool can be found here.
Universities in Canada set their own fees and these vary depending on factors like the course you are pursuing and whether you are studying at the undergraduate or postgraduate levels. According to the latest report from Statistics Canada, tuition fees in Canada rose by 7.6% for international undergraduates in 2019/2020. The following list breaks down the average tuition fees for undergraduate students:
The Canadian student visa requirements also say that you must have at least CAD 10,000 on top of your tuition fees as living expenses. This however will vary depending upon your location and spending habits, with metropolitan areas generally being more expensive. Given below are average living expenses in major cities:
If you are worried about the cost of living and wish to supplement your funds through work, you can qualify to work on or off-campus for 20 hours per week during university semesters and full-time during the winter or summer holidays, without the requirement of a work permit. To qualify for part-time work while studying you must:
Your study permit becomes invalid 90 days after the completion of your study program and you will need to apply for a post-graduation work permit if you wish to continue working in Canada after your studies.
Note: You will also need a Social Insurance Number (SIN) from Service Canada that will allow you to avail benefits and services of government programs.
Canada is home to 26 universities that rank highly in the QS World University Rankings for 2020, with 3 of them being in the top 50. Your decision should be based on your interests, academic background and budget. Narrow down your choices based on these criteria and also keep in mind the intake timings for your preferred course.
Applications in Canada are handled directly by universities through their online portals. Prospective students are required to visit the websites and send in their applications directly to the institutes. Many of them have unique requirements in terms of documents required and applicable test scores.
IELTS or International English Language Proficiency Testing System is the most commonly accepted language proficiency test which is accepted by the majority of institutions of higher education in Canada. However, there are other options like TOEFL and French Language Proficiency tests which are accepted by certain universities. You can visit the website of your chosen institute to find out which tests are accepted by them.
Instead of a student visa, Canada requires prospective international students to apply for a study permit instead. You must apply for a study permit if the duration of your chosen course is longer than 6 months, however you must secure an acceptance letter from a Canadian institute to do so. For visa requirements you can visit this link, which will inform you if you have to apply for a visa along with your study permit.
Yes, international students are allowed to work for 20 hours per week during an ongoing semester without having to apply for a separate work permit, if they are enrolled in a DLI. These hours can be increased to full-time employment during the winter and summer breaks. However, these conditions are dependent upon the terms listed on your study permit which will indicate whether you can work on or off campus or if you need to apply for a work permit.